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Determination of Distinctive Competencies in SMES: The Case of Vigo and its Area of Influence (Spain) Imprimir E-mail

DETERMINATION OF DISTINCTIVE COMPETENCIES IN SMES: THE CASE OF VIGO AND ITS AREA OF INFLUENCE (SPAIN)

Jardon, Carlos M. F (1); Martos, María Susana(2)
(1) Universidad de Vigo.- Departamento de Economía Aplicada.
Campus de Lagoas Marcosende s/n - 36310 Vigo (España)
(2) Universidad de Vigo.- Departamento de Organización de Empresas y Marketing.
Campus de Lagoas Marcosende s/n - 36310 Vigo (España)
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SUMMARY

The sources of competitive advantages are characteristic of the enterprises that allow them to be placed in better position than their competitors. As from the theory of resources and capacities it is habitual to consider that those sources are in internal and external factors of the enterprises. The entrepreneur, by means of the strategy combines these factors establishing his distinctive competencies. This paper analyzes the formation of distinguishing competences. The obtained results show the form in which the small and medium enterprises (SME) organize their resources and capacities to form distinctive competencies. The SMEs of Vigo study their area of influence, a region of northwest Spain. In that case it is obtained that they form 5 great distinguishing competencies: management of human and technological resources, management of territorial resources, management of clients, management of products and innovation. These agree to a large extent with previous papers, although their contents present some differences.

KEY WORDS:
Sources of competitive Advantage; Theory of resources and capacities; enterprise results; Regional SMEs.

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